If you’ve read this far, then I managed to get your attention. In today’s media-saturated world, that’s no easy feat, so thank you.
Like an effective headline, digital advertising is designed to gain your (very limited) attention, hold it for long enough to initiate (or continue) a conversation and then send you on your way to the next step in your journey. Advertising permeates every aspect of our digital experience. Whether we like it or not, whether or not we engage with it, advertising is — and will remain — the price of free. For consumers, that is.
Dollars In, Dollars Out
Marketers, on the other hand, continue to spend rampantly on digital advertising to attract consumer attention, even as ad-blocking and ad-skipping software grow in popularity, and fraud and viewability challenges mount. According to our latest CMO Spend Survey (Gartner client subscription required), nearly two-thirds of marketing leaders plan to increase spending on digital advertising in 2017. Across 14 categories of marketing activity, digital advertising garners on average 8% of budgets, closely trailing spending on the website and digital commerce. Of course, digital advertising efforts are complementary (if not integral) to these investments.
Among the underlying trends driving the increases are:
- An ongoing shift of media dollars from offline to digital channels. This has been under way for many years now and continues apace. In fact, 2016 was the first year that digital advertising sales topped TV. Expect the gap to widen further as we move forward.
- The continued strength of established digital advertising channels such as search (about which I wrote in a post earlier this year) and display. According to the Interactive Advertising Bureau (IAB), search revenues in the US totaled $16.3 billion in H1 2016, accounting for fully half of all digital advertising revenues. (Then again, if half the money spent on digital advertising is on search, chances are it’s not wasted.)
- The growing importance of video, which is costlier than other digital advertising techniques. Video is by far the fastest-growing digital advertising format. That’s not altogether surprising given the growing emphasis on video, especially among social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter and Snapchat, as well as the juggernaut that is YouTube.
It’s a GAFA (Google-Apple-Facebook-Amazon) World, We Just Market in It
Now pause for a minute to consider that two platforms alone — Facebook and Google — take in nearly three out of five digital advertising dollars spent (hence the clickbait-y headline). They overwhelmingly dominate display and search advertising, respectively, their massive reach making them unavoidable buys for the digital marketer. While Facebook and Google continue to milk those cash cows, they are moving to dominate emergent channels. At its annual F8 conference, Facebook charted a future where mobile messaging and mixed reality (augmented and virtual) are central to the Facebook experience (making them by extension central to social networking in general). Together with Amazon and Apple, it’s hard to envision a facet of the digital world that doesn’t bear the stamp of GAFA. And where GAFA treads, advertising inevitably follows.
Witness Amazon, the digital commerce retail giant, and now an increasingly potent digital advertising platform. Ads aren’t likely to ever become Amazon’s main business, but then again, they don’t have to be when they provide additional data points about consumers’ interests and shopping habits (see my point above about digital advertising investments being complementary to digital commerce spending; it’s a similar dynamic with Amazon, except that the activity is taking place on a third-party site).
Mobile in Focus
As you might imagine, mobile is a big part of this story. Consumers spend more of their digital media time on mobile devices than on the desktop, invariably on devices running either Apple iOS or Google Android software. According to Gartner’s 2016 Digital Marketing Channel Strategy survey, 75% of marketing leaders focused on mobile marketing are using or piloting mobile advertising. In effect, they are simply following the eyeballs.
There’s a good case to be made that marketers are considerably farther along with mobile advertising than they are with mobile marketing. After all, it’s faster and easier to spend media dollars than it is to build comprehensive, integrated experiences. The irony is that by emphasizing tactics such as display advertising and search, marketers are only extending desktop-centric approaches rather than using mobile-unique capabilities to engage customers and prospects. And as my colleagues Charles Golvin and Mike McGuire observe in their recent research note, “Align Your Mobile Advertising to Your Mobile Marketing Type” (Gartner client subscription again required), marketers tend to repurpose advertising content from the desktop in their mobile campaigns. As a result, mobile ads often fail to reflect “the distinct nature of customers’ mobile experience.” That’s a significant lost opportunity, especially when GAFA and many other platforms offer myriad ad formats designed specifically for mobile.
Time Is of the Essence
Try as we might, we can’t wring more time out of the day. With time and attention in increasingly short supply, marketers have responded by flooding every waking moment with ads. Consumers continually grouse about advertising’s omnipresence, then grudgingly accede to the notion of more personalized, less interruptive advertising. Rapid-fire programmatic technology enables marketers to automate ad-buying and target audiences more precisely. It’s still a half-step behind, the retargeting inevitably arriving just as you’ve made your purchase, but seems destined to go faster, faster, until the thrill of speed overcomes the fear of disruption.
As the “gin in the engine of capitalism,” as my colleague Marty Kihn put it so evocatively, advertising isn’t going anywhere, not anytime soon. If anything, we can expect more digital advertising in our marketing programs. It will fall to marketers to harness the troves of customer data and proliferating array of ad-tech and martech tools at their disposal to orchestrate cohesive experiences that capture and retain fleeting attention. If you’ve made it to the end of the post, I thank you again for yours!
The Gartner Blog Network provides an opportunity for Gartner analysts to test ideas and move research forward. Because the content posted by Gartner analysts on this site does not undergo our standard editorial review, all comments or opinions expressed hereunder are those of the individual contributors and do not represent the views of Gartner, Inc. or its management.