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Why Differences on the Outside Disappear When we Appreciate Similarities on the Inside

by Manjunath Bhat  |  August 31, 2016  |  1 Comment

This post is about fostering collaboration in the workplace and society using lessons from the Hardy-Ramanujan story. These two brilliant minds were very different on the surface, but were bound by passionate love for mathematics, number theory in particular. Remember that this is during the days of British colonialism at its peak and when India was a British colony.

S. Ramanujan, the mathematical genius from India would have died an unknown death, had it not been for G.H. Hardy, the famous English mathematician known for his achievements in number theory. Hardy saw in Ramanujan the potential to become one of the brightest minds the field of number theory has ever known. When Ramanujan showed his conjectures and theorems, Hardy would push him to prove his theorems even when he was completely aware that Ramanujan’s findings did not require proof.

One can hastily describe the relation between Ramanujan and Hardy as a mentor and mentee. Doing so however does injustice to the depth of their relationship and the profound admiration they had for each other.  What’s more surprising is that they could not have been more different – their approach, race, religious backgrounds and belief systems were poles apart.

  • Hardy was a self-proclaimed atheist. Ramanujan an ardent believer – a devotee of a personal God.
  • Hardy did not believe in intuition. Ramanujan claimed all his theorems come to him as flashes of intuition.
  • Hardy asked for proofs; Ramanujan said “You don’t need them, I know them to be true”. When pushed hard, Ramanujan would provide the proofs so Hardy could get him published in the Journal of the London Mathematical Society. He was finally elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society due to Hardy’s relentless efforts.

The Hardy-Ramanujan relationship exemplifies the true meaning of collaboration. It’s the desire of one human to recognize and unravel the latent potential in another. It is the desire to seek the betterment of the other party – this is not just professionalism at its best. This is humanism at its best. For example, true collaboration reflects the freedom of a shop-floor engineer to inform the management they are out of touch with ground reality.

As commendable as Hardy’s own contributions are, his greatest contribution to mathematics can arguably be hailed as the discovery of Ramanujan himself.

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Category: collaboration  groupthink  

Manjunath Bhat
Research Director
1 years at Gartner
16 years IT Industry

Manjunath (Manju) Bhat is a Research Director within Gartner's Mobile and Client Computing group, where he advises clients on all aspects of enterprise mobility. Read Full Bio


Thoughts on Why Differences on the Outside Disappear When we Appreciate Similarities on the Inside


  1. Maria says:

    “Collaboration requires a people-centric approach” – i truly believe it’s a key point for a happy future of a humankind. But do you think that it is possible to have this kind of collaboration in every life case? I mean that it may take a lot of energy and there are so many external distractors.



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