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Bi-Modal Networking

by Andrew Lerner  |  October 27, 2015  |  Submit a Comment

Within Gartner, there’s a lot of talk about Bi-Modal IT. Bi-Modal IT was borne out of a business need to increase IT agility and innovation, while simultaneously meeting performance and availability requirements of the business. Thus, a bimodal capability is the marriage of two distinct, but coherent approaches to creating and delivering business change:

  • Mode 1 is a linear approach to change, emphasizing predictability, accuracy, reliability and stability (aka Samurai mode).
  • Mode 2 is a nonlinear approach that involves learning through iteration, emphasizing agility and speed and, above all, the ability to manage uncertainty (aka Ninja mode).

Most mainstream enterprise networking teams are optimized to operate in mode 1 (think change windows, maintenance windows, and NCCM tools). But what about mode 2, does this even matter to network infrastructure (aka the digital plumbing)?  Yes, because as stated in the research, the unplanned nature of Mode 2 projects challenges existing network staff skill sets and sourcing methodologies.

Given that SDN creates programmatic access to the network, which could land in the hands of application owners – that must be the best fit for Bi-Modal IT, right?  Well…not quite, well at least not today (always good to remember that despite what you hear, SDN doesn’t fix everything).

Right now, from a technological standpoint, the best way to support a Bi-Modal IT capability is (in many senses) to get the network out of the way. Getting out of the way lets the DevOps teams go crazy with their code and the tooling/management framework de jour (Mesos, Kubernetes, Docker, OpenStack, VMware, etc.). That said, there are several things that need to be done to the network:

  • Build self-service capability into your network infrastructure which allows the lean/fast/agile teams to serve themselves (without waiting for the corporate IT and change windows). This includes base network concepts (VLANs), DNS/DHCP and L4-7 services (app delivery, security).
  • Similarly, invest in networking solutions that are highly automated and include hooks that the DevOpsians want like Ansible, Chef, and Puppet.

The combination of the above two gets your closer to that Developer panacea:  They can get all the stuff they need via API (how very Amazonian of you) and/or pull down reference templates from Github.

However, transport bandwidth and latency still matter, especially when the WAN is involved.  Thus, you want to create a WAN solution that enables ubiquitous connectivity to public cloud services, and overprovision WAN access for Internet and WAN services at key sites and data centers. Ensure the provider can provide network capacity on-demand (so you don’t have to tell the business to wait ~60 days while we upgrade the Internet headend).

Lastly, as with most things, the technology is nice – but staffing and culture require investment also, which includes (among several other things) evolving existing staffing skill sets towards APIs and programmability. More details in the full research note written by my colleague Bjarne Munch:

Network Planners Need to Prepare for the Impacts of Bimodal IT

Summary: Existing network planning will be broken apart by the impacts of digital transformation and bimodal IT. Network planners need the ability to adapt network solutions to unplanned business projects.

Regards, Andrew



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Category: adc  culture  ddi  devops  just-published  networking  sdn  staffing  

Tags: adc  ansible  bi-modal  chef  ddi  docker  kubernetes  mesos  openstack  puppet  sdn  vmware  

Andrew Lerner
Research Vice President
6+ years at Gartner
21 years IT Industry

Andrew Lerner is a Vice President in Gartner Research. He covers enterprise networking, including data center, campus and WAN with a focus on emerging technologies (SDN, SD-WAN, and Intent-based networking). Read Full Bio

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