Gartner Blog Network


Network Disaggregation is Cool

by Andrew Lerner  |  April 17, 2014  |  14 Comments

There has been a lot of talk lately around white-box switching and the associated concept of network switching “disaggregation”. While understood by cloud service providers and/or operators of really large networks, the term “disaggregation” is not widely recognized in the mainstream. 

What is it?

The easiest way to explain it is by example:  In the server world, you buy a physical server and select the OS separately; organizations can use server hardware from HP, IBM, Dell, Cisco, etc. and run software/OS from Microsoft, Linux, etc.  This is the way it has been for a while in the server world.   However, in the networking world, if you buy a switch from Cisco, you run Cisco’s switching OS (IOS, NX-OS etc.), with HP you run Comware, and with Juniper you run JUNOS etc.  The OS and hardware have been integrated (i.e., aggregated), unlike the server world in which they are separate (disaggregated).  Another common misconception is that disaggregation (and white-box switching) is synonymous with SDN – it is not.  While they can complement each other, they are different.  Disaggregation decouples hardware/software on an individual network element.  SDN decouples hardware/software for the network as a whole.

Who are the key players?

As of the last year or two, you can now buy physical switches from one vendor and then install a network switching OS from a separate vendor, which is a pretty dramatic paradigm shift in networking. 

 Who’s Next?

Given the opportunity to disrupt the market, I would anticipate other vendors considering this model, so where does it go from here?  Does Dell sign on other switching OS vendors like Big Switch and Pica8?  Or do other mainstream network vendors like Cisco, HP, Juniper, Extreme, Arista that utilize merchant silicon to some extent in their portfolio sign on Cumulus?  Arista has even blogged about disaggregation here.  Or maybe the mainstream network vendors decide to let customers run their software on top of merchant switches (NX-OS on Quanta anyone?) – I’ve had several clients specifically state a desire for this.  It will be interesting to see where and how this pans out…. 

Just because we can doesn’t mean we should….

This often leads to the question of Why would I want to do this.  In other words, what benefit is there given that I’ve now taken responsibility to glue together the hardware and software? Indeed, this is a radical change, breaks long-standing networking constants and upon a cursory glance would seemingly complicate support (do I call the hardware company or the software company when something breaks?).  So, why would anyone do this, given it is such a radical change?  Well, there are several benefits including:

  • reduced vendor lockin (I can now make hardware/software decisions independently and change out one or the other)
  • reduced software/maintenance costs
  • simplified management (usage of Linux-tools)
  • potential for improved availability (which we wrote about here:  It’s Time to Rethink Your Data Center Network Software)

In closing, adoption is still very limited, mostly to cloud and network service providers but this approach is pretty darn “cool”…

Regards, Andrew

Category: networking  

Tags: arista  big-switch  cisco  cumulus  dell  disaggregation  extreme  hp  juniper  pica8  

Andrew Lerner
Research Vice President
4 years at Gartner
19 years IT Industry

Andrew Lerner is a Vice President in Gartner Research. He covers enterprise networking, including data center, campus and WAN with a focus on emerging technologies (SDN, SD-WAN, and Intent-based networking). Read Full Bio


Thoughts on Network Disaggregation is Cool


  1. […] ← Network Disaggregation is Cool […]

  2. […] increased networking agility has driven the introduction of fabrics, SDN, programmability and even disaggregation in a just a few […]

  3. […] SDN and other disruptive networking paradigms evolve (i.e., White-Box Switching, Disaggregation), new networking support/maintenance models consequently […]

  4. […] SDN and other disruptive networking paradigms evolve (i.e., White-Box Switching, Disaggregation), new networking support/maintenance models consequently […]

  5. […] Availability is relatively boring compared to other “cool” stuff like SDN and disaggregation, unless you’re talking about the Netflix chaos monkey (more on that […]

  6. […] cycle, there are many concepts in play here; Ethernet Fabrics, SDN, OpenFlow, SDN applications and network disaggregation/White-Box switching. The Big Switch marketing around the launch is to bring hyperscale networking […]

  7. […] running on these switches?  Generically, there are two options:  Write your own or install a third-party switching OS.  If you’re Facebook, you can write your own.  However, the other option is 3P software […]

  8. […] running on these switches?  Generically, there are two options:  Write your own or install a third-party switching OS.  If you’re Facebook, you can write your own.  However, the other option is 3P software […]

  9. […] running on these switches?  Generically, there are two options:  Write your own or install a third-party switching OS.  If you’re Facebook, you can write your own.  However, the other option is 3P software […]

  10. […] been increasing interest among Gartner clients around the topic of White-Box and disaggregated switching. Today, nearly all mainstream organizations use traditional (integrated) switches from […]

  11. Vijay Venkataraman says:

    It’s an interesting proposition and is most likely to be an option for few. Integrators will play a crucial role in making it a success. Integrators have a long standing relationship with the end customers and if they get convinced and take the first step, we would see it tried in some low risk environment. It is most likely that user bay will be served by wireless and market for wired switching will be limited to data centers. If it is a small to medium enterprise, they also have option to move to cloud and reduce the footprint of their datacenters. In that case, would they want to try non-traditional switching, I guess not.

    • Andrew Lerner says:

      No doubt, the channel will play a key role. Further, I agree that this style of switching is not for everyone, certainly not today. There are specific usage scenari’s where it makes sense and a lot of the adoption to date has been cloud and hosting providers. It certainly isn’t mainstream but the relevancy is increasing as more vendors offer this approach.

  12. […] Just because we can doesn’t mean we should. […]

  13. Kancha says:

    I just found your blog and love this post! very thought provoking.

    Shop Ethernet switches to protect your business base, which have easily manage wired and strengthen security. We are one of the leading network switches distributor in India. For more details – search kancha at Google OR visit our site kancha.in



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Comments or opinions expressed on this blog are those of the individual contributors only, and do not necessarily represent the views of Gartner, Inc. or its management. Readers may copy and redistribute blog postings on other blogs, or otherwise for private, non-commercial or journalistic purposes, with attribution to Gartner. This content may not be used for any other purposes in any other formats or media. The content on this blog is provided on an "as-is" basis. Gartner shall not be liable for any damages whatsoever arising out of the content or use of this blog.