I have just published a research note for Gartner clients with this same title. As its summary says, while many use the terms open government and Government 2.0 interchangeably, they are very different.
The note – which is available only to Gartner clients – starts looking at a number of existing definitions of open government (from US, UK, Australia), highlighting the similarities and then recalls the Gartner’s definition of Government 2.0 to make an actual comparison.
The three main differences are:
- Open government is a subset of Government 2.0
- Open government is about (trying to retain) control
- Open government is top-down, Government 2.0 is bottom-up
I am pretty sure that some or all of these statements will find their critics, and I am sorry I cannot articulate them any further in here. Those who have access to Gartner research are very welcome to discuss and challenge these and the related advice emailing me or scheduling an analyst call.
However what you can derive is that open government by itself may not be as transformative as some people think.
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