Let’s talk modern SOC tools. The analogy I’d like to use is that of a “Nuclear Triad” – a key cold war concept. The triad consisted of strategic bombers, ICBMs and missile submarines (strictly speaking, submarine missiles – SLBMs) and sought to “significantly reduce the possibility that an enemy could destroy all of a nation’s nuclear forces in a first-strike attack.”
Your SOC should have its own nuclear triad of visibility:
- SIEM – if I need to explains this, please read something else instead
- Network Forensics (NFT) – tools that can capture all network traffic (full packet capture), extract metadata (including application layer, L7 metadata such as HTTP user-agent, DNS query response, FTP username, email subject, etc) and payloads, retain some raw traffic and metadata, enable searching and analysis. There are several commercial tools, and then there are moloch and OpenSOC; Bro sort of fits in as well. [See more details here and in this GTP document]
- Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR, formerly ETDR) – typically agent-based tools to capture execution, local connections, system changes, memory activities, etc. There are a lot (A LOT!) of commercial tools, and then there are GRR, MIG (update: not really MozDef, as I mentioned in the previous version) as osquery, sort of. [See more details here and in this GTP document]
Similar to the above, your “SOC triad” seeks to significantly reduce the chance that the attacker will operate on your network long enough to accomplish their goals.
Of course, your SOC will make use of other tools and capabilities, such as threat intelligence (TI) data, malware sandboxes and reversing tools [to push the above analogy a tad too far, maybe this is like a suitcase nuke? Very much an auxiliary weapon, but also very cool? :-)] as well as some workflow system to organize all your work [strategic forces undeground command center?]. However, I always think of SIEM + NFT + EDR as “SOC nuclear triad” of visibility!
There you have it! Enjoy!
Read Complimentary Relevant Research
Security Monitoring and Operations Primer for 2017
Security monitoring and operations excellence is a key component of any effective security program. Gartner's 2017 research will guide...
View Relevant Webinars
The Rise of Hardware Security in the IoT Era
Global economic impact of $2 trillion. More than 21 billion connected "things" by 2020. While the Internet of Things is creating more...
Comments or opinions expressed on this blog are those of the individual contributors only, and do not necessarily represent the views of Gartner, Inc. or its management. Readers may copy and redistribute blog postings on other blogs, or otherwise for private, non-commercial or journalistic purposes, with attribution to Gartner. This content may not be used for any other purposes in any other formats or media. The content on this blog is provided on an "as-is" basis. Gartner shall not be liable for any damages whatsoever arising out of the content or use of this blog.